手工编织真丝地毯的故事

2018-12-09 16:10:53 / 打印

“这美丽的地毯似乎让我置身于中世纪的殿堂,非常富丽堂皇。来带你看一个小细节,就这朵小花来说吧,尽管图案简单,但是还能看出上面编出了十种颜色,像这样做工精细的地毯,谁能想得到它是由农民做出来的呢?”

GONBADI图案

亦属于中心葵图案,大地以圆为中心,大量的同心圆向外扩张、放射,予人一种崇高、庄严的感觉,代表神圣、无边的力量。此设计最初源于清真寺圆顶,称为GONBADI设计。

GONBADI MEDALLION

The pattern is known as "GONBADI" which originally pictures the ceiling of a mosque. It is one of the oldest and most beautiful patterns in the art of carpet weaving in the world.

花园图案

此图案最早使用在游牧民族的地毯编织中,反映了人们向往一种有山有水的庭院生活,后来成为手工波斯地毯的经典图案之一。其中分割庭院的小格子代表流动的小河与散步的小径,演绎为通往幸福的道路。

GARDEN DESIGN

First used in the tribal carpets, it is one of the most classic Persian designs now. There are repeated squares or diamondsenclosing trees-of-life, flowers, birds or deer, realistic or abstract.Sumptuous gardens and enclosed courtyards are symbols of pride and status. The paths dividing the courtyards are the way to the happiness. 

满地花式

此图案没有中心葵圆,一个或一种纹样连续重复出现在大地中。

ALL-OVER PATTERN

The field in this pattern has no central medallion.Usually a single motif or a group of motifs is repeated throughout the whole carpet. Sometimes they are connected and sometimes they are separate. 

波斯狩猎图。丛叶葳蕤,狮豹鹿虎,勇士挥刃,飞箭离弦。挂墙上,褚红豆青秋香靛蓝,敦煌色扑面,犹如壁画。

狩猎图

表现皇宫贵族的狩猎生活,欢乐而充满勇气,代表着上层社会的生活方式。此图是古老的波斯地毯图案中的独特设计之一。英文中天堂一词Paradise即来自于波斯古语中“狩猎场”一词。

HUNTIGN DESIGN

This design pictures a scene of hunting, depicting the happy life of the noblemen. It is paradise of those respectable. This pattern is one of the rare designs in the carpet of Iran.

《双龙戏珠》 大地为中国古典的红色,庄重典雅;龙代表着权力和地位,是地毯中的吉祥图案;大边为长寿和团寿的间隔排列,寓意益寿延年。整幅图案洋溢着中国吉祥富贵的传统文化。  

Two Dragons Play Ball

The dragon possesses sovereign position in the legend, so it is the symbol of imperial power, and the emperor is called dragon, son of heaven. The Chinese character “SHOU” is LONGEVITY in English phrase. The long type of SHOU in the border means the long life of people, and the round type represents the union and the harmony of the family. With the Chinese classic red color, the whole picture overflows much Chinese tradition.

《万寿长春》 图案由牡丹花和寿字的变体组合而成。牡丹是中国的国花,象征富有、高贵,是中国地毯中常见的花形纹样。长寿字象征着人的寿诞绵延长久,团寿字象征着圆满、和睦。整幅图案优雅、精致,饱含中国传统的文化韵味。

Wan SHOU Chang Chun

This design describes the peony and the Chinese character SHOU. The peony symbolizes nobleness and the Chinese character SHOU is LONGEVITY in English phrase. The long type of SHOU in the border means the long life of people, and the round type in the field represents the union and the harmony of the family. The whole design is full of Chinese cultural characteristic. 

在传统的手织地毯里,视觉感受的许多方面都是通过地毯编织这个媒介表达出来的,手织地毯的图案与色彩代表了他们的文化,也寓意了他们的精神。

手织地毯除了基本的实际功能和装饰特征之外,还有显著的象征意义。它是一个特殊的、有神奇力量的空间的代表。空间的边界形成了陆地区域,象征着人类领域,这个边界像围墙一样保护着代表宇宙和宗教的中心区域。